Participants during the 22nd Conference of Parties (COP22) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that started in Marrakech, Morocco over the weekend. Photo/Courtesy
By OUR REPORTER
The Independent Association of Latin America and the Caribbean (AILAC) clearly defined positions on areas considered key to successful implementation of the Paris Agreement as the 22nd Conference of Parties (COP22) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that started in Marrakech, Morocco over the weekend.
Their positions include strengthening of the Nationally Determined Contributions, the communication on adaptation, the transparency framework, the means of implementation, including climate finance, and the global stocktake on collective progress toward the agreement’s long-term goals.
All of the AILAC countries are committed to the Agreement and its ratification. Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay and Peru have already ratified the treaty and the parliaments of Guatemala, Chile and Colombia are in the process.
For AILAC, adequate provision and mobilization of means of implementation toward developing countries, including AILAC nations, is vital. However, the absence of a common definition of climate finance under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a fundamental obstacle that affects accounting and reporting of this support.
This is why AILAC proposes a common definition of climate finance and transparent accounting of specific financial resources allocated to climate adaptation and mitigation, development and transfer of technology, capacity building, the transparency framework and other crosscutting activities according to the needs and priorities of developing countries.
With respect to development and transfer of technology, AILAC likewise considers that full compliance with the Paris Agreement and its long-term goals should be taken into account, hence the need to accelerate the development of new technologies and the importance of developing endogenous technologies.
Flags of countries participating in the ongoing 22nd Conference of Parties (COP22) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Marrakech, Morocco . Photo/Courtesy
The aim is to speed up and increase the effectiveness of innovation enabling economic growth and sustainable development, while strengthening cooperation for development and transfer of technology that can be scaled up and replicated, with respect for human rights and promoting gender equity and cultural exchange.
Advances in Nationally Determined Contributions
Concerning the Nationally Determined Contributions, which are a core part of the Paris Agreement and must be implemented in a progressively ambitious scheme over time, AILAC proposes that the information contained in each type of Contribution promote transparency, precision and comparability, avoiding the double counting of greenhouse gas reductions and removals.
In addition, AILAC supports the guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the use of more refined methodologies and metrics in counting greenhouse gas emissions and removals, so as to reduce uncertainty.
AILAC considers that National Contributions should also serve as the main vehicle for communication about adaptation, which will improve actions in this area, create incentives for international funding and promote priorities and needs in technology, finance, and capacity building. For this AILAC, proposes that the Parties update their communication on adaptation in the same period they will communicate their mitigation actions: every five years.
The transparency of country actions is a critical pillar of the Paris Agreement. Implementation of the transparency framework must improve existing modalities of measurement, reporting and verification under the UNFCCC, with the aim of constantly reducing uncertainty and improving the quality of information over time. The AILAC nations are committed to improvement of their own systems of transparency.
Likewise, the market and non-market approaches stipulated in the Paris Agreement should have clear and robust guidelines to ensure transparency and environmental integrity and avoid double counting.
Finally, for AILAC it is critical that the Global Stocktake measuring collective progress in compliance with the goals of the Paris Agreement ensure a relevant political involvement and take into account the better scientific information available so that it serves to assess that collective progress. In turn, this will guide updating and improvement of each country’s National Contributions.
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